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IntroductionAlmost three years ago the first non-IANA TLD was deployed (.DOT) and the first non IANA root server network was deployed by Alternic. In the years since then, portions of the Internet community have wrestled with the issues surrounding new top level domain names and additional root servers
RFC1591 makes reference to a "Domain Names Board"; sadly, this entity was never created, and after years of proposals and counter proposals, the DNS mess seems to be coalescing and one of the components of an entity to replace IANA/NSF seems to be a "Names Council". This document describes on possible initial value for a set of successive approximations that could become that Names Council, and here we describe the structure and reasoning behind it.
This did not start out as a design for a names council. Originally it was an attempt merge the two dominant Root Server Confederations - ORSC and AURSC. As more cocktail napkins got scribbled on however, it soon took on a life of it's own and became general purpose enough to represent, at least to out minds, a model upon which the names council could be based.
It was felt the Names Council must reflect bottom up aggregation and decentralized authority and the organization below reflects that. This was presented at IFWP meeting in Singapore.
First cutStarting with what components currently exist and identifying DNS-operations organizations that have self organized (or should!) the plan was fleshed out to include representation for all relevant organizations, and a way for Internet users to have a voice.
This document outlines the evolution of that model, explains why it is the way it is, and explains how it might work.
Currently there are two major factions operating root server networks. The first is iRSC, which is an outgrowth of Adam Todd's AURSC:
Adam Todd is the coordinator for iRSC
The other is the ORSC, which is an outgrowth of Alternic, eDNS and uDNS:
Einar Stefferud is the acting coordinator for ORSC
An agreement was reached to coordinate these two networks: to revolve collisions and support each others TLDs. The resultant coalition would be names CRSC ("Comprehensive Rot Server Coalition).
The remaining players include TINC (The Internet Name space consortium, the CORE server network (little is known about this) and the NSI/USG/IANA root server network.
The next iteration included the TLD server operators, plus other name server operators, and at this point we wern't sure what to do about Registrars (the lack of a good definition of a Registrar hurts), ISP's and Users:
Next RevThe next iteration had a place for these three, but was rather disjoint:
At this point it wasn't clear why ISPs deserved special attention, and wondered how to get special interest groups such as the DNRC and trademark groups into the process.
A this point the entire diagram we redrawn and the notion of a "Fair Hearing Process" was introduced to provide accountability from users at large, which was felt to be sufficient to allow for removal of ISPs as a special interest group.
Trademark interests as a special interest group may or may not be appropriate here. They may be adequately represented via the fair hearing process just as users and government are; all are treated alike; thus they are notated with question marks.
Final modelFig 1.5
Some Notes1) Each are of interest (councils) appoints one person from it's constituency to the NAMES COUNCIL BOARD.
2) Board representation is given to all interests identified (so far !)
3) Users (and others) have open access to the councils through open Fair Hearing Panels process:
a) E-Mail contributions
b) WWW contributions
c) Formal hearings (face to face)
d) Ex parte rules for panels
4) Note: a vote is not a voice ! A vote does you no good if once elected your questions and concerns are not addressed.
5) The Names Council Board may recognize new interests groups upon completion with new process.
6) Council interest groups may establish new fair hearing boards as needed including in response to petitions.
More NotesTo: "Richard J. Sexton"Special thanks to Randy Bush, Dave Farber and Bernie Turcott for their input and constructive criticism.
Subject: Comprehensive Root Service Confederation (CRSC proposal) Re: Towards the Creation of a Names Council Reply-to: Stef@nma.com From: Einar Stefferud This is augmented from my notes. I think it is fair to note on the web page that the initial Names Council Formation Proposal submitted in Singapore included the main ideas of this CRSC formation proposal, but that this version here includes some improvements suggested by participants of the IFWP Singapore meeting. It might also be reasonable to note that for some unknown reason, the ORSC proposals were not included in the proceedings of the IFWP Singapore meeting. You will recall that we complained, and that our complaint never received any acknowledgment or other response. I do not wish us to make a big issue of it, but we do need to make it clear that it is not our fault that our proposal does not show up in the IFWP proceedings. Cheers...\Stef +++++++++++++ The CRSC is to be: 1. An incorporated non-profit Confederation of Root Service Providers who agree to a set of common policies for inclusion in the CRSC Root Zone and to secondarying of their collective set of TLDs. 2. Initially, these policies will be developed and fleshed out during the process of CRSC Incorporation. 3. Confederation Members will also include non-member ROOT ZONE information, but non-members will not have a vote. Members ar required to carry all CRSC qualified TLDs. 4. The CRSC INTENTION is to form and operate a fully Comprehensive, Coherent, Robust, Secure, Open, Distributed Global DNS Root Service. There is no intention to fracture the DNS ROOT. 5. CRSC will be dedicated to cooperation with the DNS Names Council and other Councils (for ADDRESSES and PROTOCOLS) that are involved in the administration of the necessary central coordination functions of the Internet. 6. The CRSC will only admit TLDs for which there is no conflict over any Intellectual Property Rights in the TLD name, and will assist any parties who are in conflict to resolve there differences among themselves, but will not serve as an arbitrator or court of appeal. 7. The CRSC will not engage in the setting of prices or discussion of any form of price fixing, though it will set policies on requirements for open publication of price schedules and price increase policies for TLD registry operators.
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